Last summer a deep study published in the journal British Medical Journal noted that about 29% of cases of depression in young people 18 years derived from a bullying suffered in adolescence. That is to say, nearly 3 out of 10 adults in their earliest years suffered sequelae after having been victims of attacks verbal, physical or social, involving from creating a vacuum around them to a front lower rejection.
To detect this serious problem of violence in classrooms and prevent and / or identify the behaviors that cause, researchers from the School of Psychology at the Complutense University of Madrid, with Professor Javier Martín Babarro to the head, They have developed promising program Mybullying.
A questionnaire both to prevent and to address bullying
This is a questionnaire on-line, with a duration of between five ten, where students of the same class respond to different questions designed to weave a social map of the classroom. "Write the names of the / as peers / as class that are kind, respectful / as and help others", "Are you as friends / in class?" or "Are there conflicts among peers / as class?" are some of the questions asked.
Access page questionnaire Mybullying
According to the responses, the tool openly question if students know cases bullying, who they suffer, if they are themselves, and what the details thereof are: "Are you stuck or physically abuse?", "Would you insult or bully?", "Do you have friends / as in class?", "How do you think it would take?".
No more than 10 minutes to identify cases of harassment
All these data generate a report with the tutor or teacher in charge of a class can identify what the general atmosphere of it, which students are most respected and appreciated by all, which are or feel excluded, if any of them suffers harassment, if there are witnesses of it and if the victim confirms the case. Under these lines we can see an example of the analysis results after the answers of a classroom in Mybullying:
Similarly, the social map is presented with the same data, known as sociogram, and procedures are set to follow the guidance department, as an interview with the pupil in a defenseless situation, guidelines to follow to prevent future cases with youth at risk or request for cooperation to students with higher status.
Similar programs have significantly reduced cases in other countries
Similar initiatives such as Finnish KiVa, They have reduced all types of bullying making them disappear almost 80% of schools and reducing them by almost 20% according to various studies made after the first years of implementation. The model exported to other countries such as Britain, Italy and the United States, has also reduced the numbers between 30 and 50%.
Between 2005 and 2010 the Mybullying program launched in two hundred schools of Castilla y León, between 2010 and 2015 was tested with 40 000 students of primary and secondary, since September last year with another 10 000 from the same community and this same course is intended to apply to about 700 centers in the Community of Madrid will be expanded to 2,000 next year.